We are all well aware of the effects and the importance of a sunscreen. But are aware of what our skin needs. We all have beautifully distinct skin from each other and the effects of sun exposure depend on it. The element that gives our skin pigment is called melanin and it is this which naturally protects your skin against sun. With the beginning of the winters, it is all the more important to use sunscreen properly. We tend to increase our sun exposure during the winters and need all the protection that we can get. Here is what you should know in order to be able to buy the right sunscreen for your skin.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT SPF
Like we mentioned earlier, the amount of melanin in our skin determines the sensitivity of it. It is also what gives our skin pigment. The darker your skin is, the more melanin it has and hence, the more protected it naturally is. This means if you are darker you will need lesser SPF and if you are fair skinned, you will need more melanin. You can very well see the effects visibly too. Anyone with a dark skin is hardly ever seen with a sun burn. On the other hand, anyone with a fairer skin will experience more easily caused sun burns.
TANNING IS NOT THE SAME AS DAMAGE
Being a part of an Indian society, we easily attach tanning of our skin with all things bad and negative. Whereas, in reality this is just a natural process, that is in fact for our own good. When our skin is exposed to the sun, the melanin in our skin comes to the surface to form a protective layer. Hence, the top layer of our skin turns dark. If you notice, darker people tan faster and deeper, whereas, fair people tan slowly and very slightly. It’s a blessing in true sense. This is why people from the tropical region are darker. Take pride in it and do not slap on sunscreen that has 50+ SPF. It will not help with the tanning and you will only clog your pores and sweat through the day.
KNOWING YOUR SKIN TYPE
The third and the last factor to consider is your skin type. When your skin is exposed to the sun, it is already under a lot of stress. If you do not use a sunscreen that is suitable for your skin type, you might aggravate the stress instead of lowering the amount of it. If your skin is oily, it's best that you choose a gel based sunscreen. If your skin is dry, make sure to use oil based sunscreens. These sunscreens will also moisturize your skin, along with protecting it.